Pre-eclampsia, high blood pressure (hypertension) or pregnancy toxemia, three names for a specific pathology of pregnancy that can lead to serious complications for the health of the mother and child and requires increased surveillance.
Pre-eclampsia or toxemia, what difference?
- Pre-eclampsia or pregnancy-induced hypertension (HPA) and toxemia of pregnancy: same fight! Today, the medical profession prefers to use the terms pre-eclampsia or hypertension (hypertension) gravid to that of toxemia of pregnancy to talk about this particular pathology of pregnancy.
What is it about ?
- Preeclampsia is a pathology due to a malfunction of the placenta and can appear from 20SA in some pregnant women, on average 1 in 100. It is characterized in the future mother by the increase in blood pressure, hypertension, and by the presence of a high level of protein in the urine, proteinuria. Signs that may indicate that the placenta secretes too much toxins that the kidneys can not filter well.
What are the risks associated with pre-eclampsia?
- Pre-eclampsia is to be taken very seriously because, untreated, its complications can be very serious as much for the future baby as for the mother. High blood pressure alters and impairs blood flow between the mother and the fetus. It will not receive the right contributions and will not develop as it should. This can cause growth retardation, fetal suffering with a risk of death in utero or at birth. Hypertension can cause among other things in the mother important disorders of the vision.
- Eclampsia is one of the most feared complications of pre-eclampsia. This crisis of seizures close to epilepsy can jeopardize the life of the baby and the mother. It requires immediate intervention by caesarean section.